How to avoid elevator car door failure?

The failure of elevator door system accounts for a large proportion of the total failure of elevator, among which the door mechanism is the most frequently running system in the work of elevator, which is directly related to the safe and reliable operation of elevator. The failure rate of car door system also accounts for a considerable proportion in the failure rate of door system. The main reason is that the installation technology of door system is not up to the design requirement. The interpretation of the car door below is shared.

  1. The door opener, car door, safety security sensor, and the installation of the door knife have been completed by the installation team at the time of maintenance.
  2. The adjustment of car door is the premise of door system adjustment. Only after the door is adjusted, will the door be calibrated.
  3. First remove dust from the door with a pair of fan, and then grind the track of the door with more than 300# sandpaper to ensure the flexible operation of the door.
  4. The door must be adjusted to:
  • The distance between the door plate and the floor sill is 4mm;
  • The distance between the door and the front wall of the car is 4-6mm (not too small). Check method is to use just ruler on two pieces of door plank up and down side, whether it is balance.
  • The front and side of the door must be vertical to ensure that the door is properly sewn when it closed, meanwhile when opened; it joined to the front of the car. After adjusting the car door, you can open and close the door manually. The whole switch process should be easy and smooth.
  1. Adjust the security sensor and light curtain. When the contact plate is extended, the contact plate’s protrusion is suitable for 30mm to 50mm, and the same amount of two contacts is used. The light curtain should be even, and no abnormal trigger should occur during the rapid opening and closing process, especially for the rear light curtain to keep clean.
  2. Adjust the opening knife: step 1: make sure the distance between the door knife and the floor sill of the hall door is 7mm, and ensure the vertical direction; Step 2: determine the distance between the blade of the door knife and the decoupling roller of the door lock of the hall door is about 7mm. Check running elevator to observe all the way, depends on the clearance of most hall door, can be in a small range on the left, right, right amount translation car door assembly (this method is not applicable to double synchronous door knife of double folding door such as TD3200 car elevator door machine); Step 3: the two surfaces of the door knife blade, namely the one of the rollers, must be vertical. Step 4: check that when driving the door, the blade should not make abnormal sound.
  3. The speed of opening and closing shall be adjusted when the door of the sedan chair drives the door of the hall. The speed shall be controlled at about.070m/s. The speed of opening and closing doors should be gentle according to the elevator’s different acceleration and deceleration.

What are the elevator safety circuit switch parts?

In order to ensure the elevator running safely, there are many safety parts on the elevator. The elevator run based on each safety component in normal condition, otherwise it will be stopped. The so-called safety circuit is to install a safety switch in each safety elevator part, all safety switches are connected in series, controlling a safety relay. Only when all the safety switches are on, the safety relay is closed, and the elevator can run electrically.

Safety component switch of common elevator safety circuit:

  1. Speed limit switch (including speed limiter cut rope switch) – when the elevator at a faster rate than the rated speed value must be at least equal to the rated speed (115%), its action can lead to safety clamp work safety device.
  2. Maintenance switch — divided into control cabinet maintenance switch, car maintenance switch and car top maintenance switch. The three repair switches lock each other to prevent wrong operation and ensure the safety of maintenance personnel.
  3. Bottom pit buffer switch — this device is located at the bottom of the well path and is set at the bottom limit position of the car and the counterweight stroke. In the buffer (an elastic buffer safety device used to absorb the car and against heavy kinetic energy). After the action, the elevator cannot operate normally until it returns to its normal elongation position.
  4. Upper and lower limit of interlock switch, when the car running beyond magnetic induction device, flat layer in capsules or have not contact with buffer before the weighing device, forced to cut off the main power supply and control power of the safety device of automatic reset. The device is located as close as possible to the end of the station when working without error in the dangerous position of movement. It shall operate in the cage or before heavy (if any) contact with the buffer and maintain its action status during compression of the buffer. For the forced drive elevator, the limit switch is used to cut off the power supply circuit of the motor and brake. The elevator cannot resume operation automatically after the limit switch action.
  5. Safety clamp switch — check whether the speed limiter is operating. When the speed limiter moves, then a mechanical safety device that keeps the car or the car in a static state and can clamp the guide rail.
  6. Safety window switch — means that the car safety window is equipped with a safety device for manual locking. If the lock fails, the device can stop the elevator. The elevator will not be able to resume operation until it is re-locked.
  7. Door and door interlock switch — door and door of the hall are locked after closing, and the control loop is connected at the same time. The safety device of mechanical & electrical interlock safety device can only operate the car. Its function is that when the elevator car stops at a certain floor station, the door of the other floor station is effectively locked, and if the elevator is opened, it cannot start or keep running normally.